Jack Russell Terrier vs. Yorkshire Terrier Breed Comparison

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Choosing between a Jack Russell Terrier and a Yorkshire Terrier can be a challenging decision. Both breeds have unique traits that make them special.

Both breeds also have unique considerations potential owners need to be aware of to provide the best care possible.

Before diving into those specific details, I want to look at some of the basics.

The Jack Russell Terrier is known for its energy and intelligence, while the Yorkshire Terrier stands out for its elegance and affectionate nature.

Understanding these breeds deeper will help you make an informed decision that suits your lifestyle and preferences best and ultimately help you understand if you are prepared and educated enough to adopt either dog breed.

Let’s take time the time in this discussion to compare the dog breeds at a higher level.

If you read the article and still can’t decide which dog is right for your family, you may want to consider the Jack Russell Terrier Yorkie mix breed.

Jack Russell Terrier vs. Yorkshire Terrier Breed Comparison
  1. Jack Russell Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier Overview
  2. Size and Appearance
  3. Temperament and Personality
  4. Training Recommendations
  5. Exercise Needs
  6. Health and Lifespan
  7. Adoption Cost
  8. Grooming Needs

Jack Russell Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier: A General Overview

Jack Russell Terriers hail from England and were initially bred for fox hunting. They are known for their athletic nature, intelligence, and boundless energy.

I can personally attest that these personality traits are what you will get and say with 100% certainty that intelligence and high levels of energy are guaranteed with the Jack Russell Terrier.

Yorkshire Terriers, or “Yorkies,” also originate from England.

Unlike Jack Russells, they were bred as companion dogs for the Victorian elite, loved for their small size and striking coat.

In the following sections, we’ll dive deeper into the characteristics of each breed, from their temperament to their grooming needs in addition to potential costs of adoption and exercise considerations.

Size and Appearance

The Jack Russell Terrier is a compact, robust breed, often measuring between 10-15 inches tall and weighing in at 13-17 pounds.

Known for their rugged athleticism, these dogs are built sturdy and strong, with a muscular body that speaks of their heritage as agile hunting dogs.

Their coat, typically white with black or tan patches, is coarse and comes in two varieties – smooth or broken. Their eyes sparkle with a fearless, intelligent gaze, complemented by their small, V-shaped ears that fold forward.

On the other hand, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest terrier breeds, commonly weighing just 4-7 pounds and standing 7-8 inches tall.

Their glossy, silky coat of steel blue and golden tan is truly eye-catching, often groomed long and parted down the middle for show dogs.

But don’t let their dainty appearance fool you. Underneath that glamorous coat is a strong, well-proportioned body with a confident carriage.

Their small heads feature a pair of keen, bright eyes and medium-sized V-shaped ears that stand erect, giving them a perky and alert look.

Two distinct breeds with unique looks and sizes – the energetic Jack Russell with its athletic build and the glamorous Yorkshire Terrier with its delicate yet strong figure.

Temperament and Personality

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terriers are energetic and love to play. They are highly intelligent and often display a curious nature.

This is the exact behaviors and characteristics of my 4-year-old JRT.

They are known for their fearless attitude. Despite their small size, they don’t shy away from a challenge.

Jack Russells are known for their fearless attitude

My Jack Russell Terrier is up for any challenge and will not back down from anything at anytime.

I doubt this is ever going to change.

Jack Russells are incredibly loyal. They form strong bonds with their owners and family members.

Likely one of the most loyal dog breeds you can adopt and the most loyal dog I’ve ever personally raised.

On the flip side, a Jack Russell Terrier can also be stubborn at times. Training them requires patience and consistency but it’s an absolute must.

I struggled at times during this phase but it’s well worth it if a JRT is on your final list of potential dogs to adopt for the family.

Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate and love to be pampered. They enjoy being the center of attention.

They are intelligent and quick learners. If you can get over their stubbornness (they have been named one of the most stubborn dog breeds), they can be trained to follow commands quite quickly.

Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate and love to be pampered

Yorkies are known for their bold and confident nature. Despite their small stature, they are often fearless.

They can be a bit territorial. Proper socialization at an early age can help them get along well with other pets.

Training Recommendations

Training a Jack Russell Terrier

Training is going to be an absolute must. Hands down, no question about it.

Begin training early. Jack Russell puppies are full of energy and curiosity, making it an excellent time to introduce basic commands.

Use positive reinforcement. Jack Russells respond well to treats, praises, and physical affection.

This worked extremely well with my Jack Russell. She responded great to positive reinforcement and consistency during the training phase.

So, to repeat it one more time. Be consistent with your commands.

Jack Russells are intelligent but can be stubborn.

Consistency will help them understand what you expect from them. Provide plenty of exercises and mix physical activity into training sessions.

This breed has high energy levels that need to be managed for effective training.

Training a Yorkshire Terrier

I don’t have the same experience and background with training a Yorkshire Terrier but I can definitely provide some insight on this topic.

Start with basic obedience training. This will help to establish your authority and create a bond with your Yorkie.

Socialization is crucial. Introduce your Yorkie to different people, pets, and environments to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded.

Use short, consistent training sessions. Yorkies can get bored quickly, so keeping training sessions short and sweet is beneficial.

Patience and positivity are key. Always use positive reinforcement and avoid scolding or punishing your Yorkie.

Stay consistent with your commands and expectations. This helps your dog understand what behaviors are acceptable and which ones are not.

Exercise Needs

Exercise needs of Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terriers are an energetic breed. They require at least an hour of exercise per day, which can include walks, playtime, and agility training.

They love engaging activities like fetch and tug of war. Interactive toys can also keep them occupied.

Mental stimulation is as important as physical exercise. Training sessions, puzzle toys, and games can keep their sharp minds busy.

Exercise needs of Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terriers also need regular exercise, though not as much as Jack Russells. A couple of short walks per day, coupled with some playtime, should suffice.

Despite their small size, they enjoy activities like fetch. They also love exploring new environments.

Mental exercise is beneficial for Yorkies too. Toys that stimulate their curiosity can be a good addition to their routine.

Health and Lifespan

Jack Russell Terrier Health and Lifespan

Jack Russell Terriers generally have a lifespan of around 13-16 years.

They are generally a healthy breed, but like all breeds, they can be susceptible to certain health conditions.

Common health concerns include deafness, patellar luxation, and eye diseases like cataracts and glaucoma.

Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet can contribute to a healthier and longer life.

Yorkshire Terrier Health and Lifespan

Yorkshire Terriers typically live between 11-15 years.

They are prone to dental issues, so regular teeth cleaning is essential.

Other health concerns include hypoglycemia, eye conditions, and patellar luxation.

Regular health check-ups, a good diet, and dental hygiene can help to prolong their lifespan and improve their quality of life.

Adoption Cost

Cost to Adopt a Jack Russell Terrier

The cost of adopting a Jack Russell Terrier from a reputable breeder usually ranges from $800 to $1,500.

This cost typically includes spaying/neutering, first vaccinations, and a microchip.

Jack Russell Terrier puppy

The ongoing costs of owning a Jack Russell include food, vet visits, grooming, and toys. These costs can range from $500 to $1,000 per year, depending on the dog’s health and your personal choices.

Cost to Adopt a Yorkshire Terrier

Adopting a Yorkshire Terrier typically costs between $1,000 and $3,000 if you go through a breeder.

The adoption cost usually includes spaying/neutering, initial vaccinations, and a microchip.

Yorkshire Terrier puppy

The yearly cost of owning a Yorkie can be around $500 to $1,000, which includes food, regular vet visits, grooming, and other supplies.

Grooming Needs

Grooming a Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russells have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. A weekly brush can help to remove loose hairs and keep their coat healthy.

They are considered average shedders. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing might be necessary.

Regular teeth brushing, ear cleaning, and nail trimming should also be part of their grooming routine.

Grooming a Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkies have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming. Daily brushing can help to prevent tangles and matting.

They are considered low shedders, but their hair can easily get dirty or tangled if not cared for properly.

Regular grooming sessions can include brushing their teeth, cleaning their ears, and trimming their nails.

Some owners choose to keep their Yorkies in a “puppy cut” for easier maintenance.


The Takeaway

Choosing between a Jack Russell Terrier, or a Yorkshire Terrier, can be a challenging decision.

Each breed brings its unique charm, energy levels, and grooming needs.

Whether you’re drawn to the spirited nature of the Jack Russell, or the elegance of the Yorkie it’s crucial to consider your lifestyle, living situation, and time commitment.

Remember, owning a pet is a long-term responsibility.

Choose the breed that aligns best with your lifestyle to ensure a happy and fulfilling companionship.

Whether it’s the Jack Russell, or a Yorkshire Terrier, there’s a perfect terrier waiting to make your house a home.

Luna and I wish you the best of luck with whichever dog you decide to adopt.

Josh Martin- Founder and Creator of Terrier Owner

Josh Martin is the proud owner of a female Jack Russell Terrier Named Luna. Josh founded TerrierOwner.com to share the stories of owning a Terrier and to help all terrier owners with the struggles, excitement and common questions that come with being a new terrier parent.

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